Frequently asked questions: entry ban

Frequently asked questions about the temporary entry ban to the EU via Sweden (updated 2020-11-20).

Sweden has imposed a temporary entry ban to non-essential travels to Sweden across an external border, meaning from other countries than the EU/EEA, except the UK or Switzerland. The decision is currently in effect until December 22nd 2020 (inclusive).

The ban does not apply to Swedish citizens, nor does it apply to travels inside the EU/EEA area. There are also several other exceptions, like foreigners who reside in 8 select countries are allowed to enter Sweden.  More information can be found on the site Travel to Sweden from outside EU during the corona outbreak.

The Swedish Police Authority does not issue any kinds of pre-approvals or notifications. The decision in each individual case will be made upon arrival at the border control point.

On this site we have compiled frequently asked questions about the entry ban. Please note that the Swedish Police Authority does not respond to individual questions by e-mail or telephone. The operators responding at 114 14 have access to the same information which is available on this site. This site is also available in Swedish: Frågor och svar om det tillfälliga inreseförbudet

The content on this site is valid until December 22nd 2020 (inclusive). Swedish Police can not guarantee that it will be possible to enter Sweden at a specific date, as the situation is changing and regulations will be adjusted according to the current state. EU and the Swedish government have indicated that adjustments are to be made.

Updates will be published continuously at the government website in English and their Questions and answers – temporary entry ban to the European Union via Sweden.

Change to the temporary ban on entry into Sweden

EEA*

= EEA countries include Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.

Switzerland and the UK  are not part of the EEA, but are included in the term EEA* on this page. Citizens of these countries, as well as citizens of Andorra, Monaco, San Marino and the Vatican, are included in the term EEA*-citizen.

The entry ban does not apply to entries from these countries, meaning it is permitted to enter Sweden from all of these countries. However, since 2015, Swedish Police can decide to perform border control at an internal border: Temporary border controls.

What does the entry ban mean?

The decision means that the government temporarily restricts non-essential travel to Sweden from all countries except members of the EU/EEA, the UK or Switzerland in addition to a select list of other countries until December 22nd 2020. The purpose is to prevent the spread of the coronavirus. This is an extraordinary measure, and the entry ban is temporary.

The entry ban does not apply to Swedish citizens. There are also exemptions for e.g. EEA* citizens and their close family members, as well as foreigners holding residence permits or type D visas in an EEA* country. UK citizens continue to be regarded as EEA citizens throughout 2020, as part of the Brexit withdrawal agreement. More information about which relatives the exemption applies to, can be found in the section about family connection. 

It is permitted to travel to Sweden from the following countries, which are part of the EU/EEA: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain. Switzerland and the UK are not part of the EEA, but are included in the term EEA* on this page. Citizens of these countries, as well as citizens of Andorra, Monaco, San Marino and the Vatican, are included in the term EEA*-citizens.

In addition, according to the EU recommendation to gradually remove entry restrictions, the Swedish government decided to prolong the entry ban while at the same time further change the conditions for exceptions. The latest decision is in effect until December 22nd. 

Apart from EEA* citizens, also foreigners residing in 14 countries, were exempted from the entry ban from July 4th and were allowed to enter Sweden if they otherwise were considered admissible according to ordinary entry requirements. This was in addition to the already existing exemptions.

The assessment of which countries fulfill the criteria of exemption is done on a regular basis, and the list will be updated every other week. Questions regarding the selection or evaluation should be posed to EU and the Swedish government.

The current 8 exempted countries: Australia, Japan, New Zealand, Rwanda, Singapore, South Korea, Thailand and Uruguay.

Citizens of other countries who have particularly urgent needs or who are to carry out essential functions in Sweden can also still be allowed entry. The latest change even includes exemption for students and highly skilled professionals, amongst others.

Who is affected by the entry ban?

The entry ban primarily applies to foreign citizens who attempt to enter Sweden from a country that is not an EEA* member. There are, however, several important exemptions to the ban. More information in the section about exemptions.

Does the entry ban apply to Swedish citizens?

The entry ban does not apply to Swedish citizens.

Can Swedish Police issue a pre-approval or notifications so I can verify to the airline that I will be allowed to enter Sweden?

No, the Swedish Police Authority does not issue any kinds of pre-approvals or notifications. All decisions regarding the potential implementation or understanding of the exemptions are made at arrival of the border control point.

How do I apply for an exemption?

It is not possible to apply for an exemption, all decisions will be made upon arrival at the border crossing point.

The airline denied me to board the aircraft despite the fact that I am allowed to enter Sweden. Can they do this?

Yes, airlines are allowed to deny passengers to board, e.g. if they are uncertain if a passenger will be allowed to enter a country. This is common, since the airlines risk having to pay a penalty fee and might be held responsible for the costs involved with return, for passengers who are denied entry. Airlines may contact Swedish Police directly for more information about Swedish entry regulations, but Swedish Police will not contact airlines on behalf of passengers. The database from which airlines get their information, is updated as soon as changes comes into effect.

The border police in the country I am trying to leave or transit via, denied me to leave despite the fact that I am allowed to enter Sweden. Can they do this?

Swedish Police does not control authorities in other countries, and Swedish Police will not contact the border police in other countries on behalf of passengers. Foreign police forces are however welcome to contact Swedish Police through established channels for international police cooperation.

I have sent the Swedish Police a question by e-mail, why have I not received a response?

Swedish Police does not respond to questions about the entry ban, neither by e-mail nor telephone. Instead operators or an automated e-mail reply will refer to this compilation of frequently asked questions, as well as other information on the websites of the Swedish Police or the Swedish government. Suggestions for questions not already answered, can be sent in through the registrator. If the question is considered relevant, it will be added here. The individual posing the question will not receive an individualized answer, however he or she will receive an e-mail when the site Frequently asked questions is updated. However, it is the individual’s responsibility to check back for the updates made on a regular basis.

My question is not answered, who can I contact?

Suggestions for questions which are not already answered, can be sent through the registrator’s office. If the question is considered relevant, it will be answered here. The person submitting the question will not receive an individual answer, instead a link to Frequently Asked Questions will be sent by e-mail once this is updated.

I asked the Swedish Police if I could enter Sweden and even submitted my supporting documents, but the reply did not correspond with the decision made at the border control point. Why did Swedish Police give me the wrong answer?

In the early days of the entry ban, Swedish Police answered questions in general terms by e-mail and telephone, including from individuals who asked about their personal cases. These answers were however general in nature and only mentioned how the Swedish Police interprets and applies the law based on the information given in the question, without regards to submitted documents. The reasoning behind this, is that the documents and their validity needs to be evaluated by a document expert upon arrival. This can not be considered processing or assessment of individual cases, as decisions can only be made at a border crossing point when all supporting documents can be evaluated together. Only decisions made at the border crossing point are final and can be appealed.

The criteria for exemptions have also been changed several times since the temporary ordinance first came into effect, which means that answers previously provided might no longer be valid.

Which documentation is required for entry?

The same requirements as earlier apply for entering Sweden, meaning the Schengen Border Codex (EU 2016/399) and the Visa Code (EU 2019/1155) is still enforced for entry, e.g. the requirement to hold a valid travel document (such as a passport), visa, residence permit etc. It is the individual’s responsibility to present the documents he or she wants to use to support the circumstances which may allow him or her entry, or qualify him or her for one of the exemptions since the traveler holds the burden of proof. If this is not done, the individual assessment will be limited to establishing that the foreigner is to be denied entry and removed according to the general rule.

Assessment of exemptions should always be made based on the circumstances of the individual case. As a general rule, some kind of documentation is required, e.g. a checking databases, work contracts, proof of employment, pay slips, extract from the population register, medical notes, marriage certificates or licenses, bank statements, rental agreements or residence contracts, application to or decision from the Swedish Migration Agency, invitation to participate in or work in a professional athletic competition, or other forms of proof or documentation. These are merely examples. The Swedish Police can not in advance answer by e-mail or telephone which kind of documentation is sufficient to be exempted, nor say that a certain certificate will grant you exemption. 

My flight to Sweden from the USA goes via London, will the entry ban be enforced when I enter Sweden? Will I be allowed entry to the UK? Will I have to go through immigration upon entry to Sweden?

The entry ban is only enforced when traveling directly from a country outside EES*. The traveler will instead be processed for immigration to the EEA* area in the first country they enter, according to the law in that country.  Contact the authorities in the country in question directly for more information about their entry requirements, even if it only for transit. Swedish Police can only answer questions about entry to Sweden.

As a general rule, there is no border control when coming off an aircraft from another EEA* country. When it comes to entry from the UK and other EEA* countries which are not part of the Schengen agreement, the border control will check that the entry is in accordance with the Schengen Border Code and Visa Code, but the temporary entry ban will not apply. A possible denied entry and removal will in that case be done on a different legal basis than the temporary ordinance. Questions regarding entry to and transit in UK needs to be posed to British authorities. Swedish Police can only answer questions regarding entry to Sweden.

If a border control is done in Sweden when travelling from another EEA* country which is part of the Schengen area (incl. stopovers or transit), the border control performed in Sweden is a so called reintroduced internal border control. The temporary entry ban is not applicable for such border control, only entry requirements according to the Schengen Border Code and the Visa Code will be checked.

Is the entry ban applicable to travels from Ireland to Sweden?

No, since Ireland is a member of EU. When entering Sweden from an EU country which is not part of the Schengen area (Ireland, UK, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Croatia and Romania) the same kind of border control as before the entry ban, will be performed. Entry requirements will be checked according to the Schengen Border Code and the Visa code.   According to the Brexit agreement, the UK is considered to be part of the EU during 2020. Denied entry can not be done according to the temporary entry ban.

Should a visa be cancelled when a foreigner is denied entry?

Due to the temporary nature of the entry ban, the Swedish Police assesses that valid visas should not be cancelled at the time of denied entry.

A decision about denied entry made based on the temporary ordinance (2020:127) will cease to apply once the removal decision has been effectuated, or when this ordinance ceases to be valid at the latest.

Which conditions apply to a non-EEA* citizen with a 90-day visa who risks overstaying their legal time frame since there are no flights home, and as a result needs to prolong their visa?

A foreigner who is not able to return home as planned needs to legalize their stay, regardless of whether they hold a Schengen visa or enjoy visa waiver status. Anyone wishing to legalize their stay should contact the Swedish Migration Agency. The Swedish Police Authority does not process visas or residence permits. If a traveler is found to have overstayed their maximum allowed time of visit when leaving Sweden, it might have legal consequences such as a ban to return, unless he or she can verify attempts of leaving the country and/or legalize his or her stay.

Which rules apply for arriving in transit from a non-EEA* country?

If a non-EEA* citizen is arriving in transit by plane from a non-EEA* country, they will only be allowed to stay in the international transit area of the airport on the condition that they do not go through passport control.

Will I be allowed to transfer in Sweden when flying in from an EEA* country?

The entry ban only applies to travel directly from a non-EEA* country, meaning the entry ban does not apply when changing planes in an EEA* country. Instead, an ordinary border control might be done when leaving Sweden, at which point your stay in EEA* is checked according to the Schengen Border Code and the Visa Code, if you are traveling onwards to a non-EEA* country.

If a border control is done in Sweden when travelling from another EEA* country which is part of the Schengen area (incl. stopovers or transit), the border control performed in Sweden is a so called reintroduced internal border control. The temporary entry ban is not applicable for such border control, only entry requirements according to the Schengen Border Code and the Visa Code will be checked.

I will only transfer in Arlanda. Will the entry ban apply if I transfer in Sweden on my way from the USA to another EEA* country?

If you enter Sweden from a country outside EEA*, you need to be a Swedish citizen, an EEA* citizen, hold a residence permit or a class D visa in an EEA* country, or be a family member of one of those categories, or be covered by one of the exemptions, in order to be allowed to enter Sweden, even if Sweden is not your final destination and your intention is to continue by plane or another method of transportation, to another EEA* country.

Does Sweden require quarantine upon entry?

No, Sweden does not have any quarantine requirement at present.

Will corona tests be done in the airport upon arrival?

No, Sweden does not do corona tests upon arrival.

Do I need to fill in a specific health form upon entry?

No.

I have been tested for covid-19 and I can confirm that I am not sick. Will I be allowed to enter Sweden?

No, a negative corona test does not exempt you from the entry ban. Current regulations only concern whether or not you enter Sweden from a country outside EEA*.

Why am I not allowed to enter from a country with significantly fewer cases of corona than certain countries inside EU?

This question needs to be posed to the Swedish government who made the decision. The Swedish Police Authority only applies the laws and regulations decided by the Swedish parliament and government.  

I am a Swedish citizen but am currently abroad. Will I be allowed to enter Sweden?

Yes, Swedish citizens are always allowed to enter Sweden.

I am Swedish and my passport happened to expire during my stay abroad. Will I be allowed to return home?

If you bring your expired passport or other documentation such as a birth certificate, to verify your Swedish citizenship and your right to enter Sweden. There are also other ways to document your Swedish citizenship, e.g. with a national ID-card. 

Please note that this is valid for entering Sweden. The country you leave or transit via, or the airline, might have other requirements. Please check directly with the party in question.

I am Swedish but my child is born abroad and does not have a Swedish passport. Can he or she enter Sweden together with me?

It depends on when the child is born. Children born after 1 April 2015 will gain automatic Swedish citizenship if one of the registered parents are Swedish citizens at the time of the child’s birth. Children born before 1 April 2015 but after 1 July 2001 will become Swedish citizens from birth if the mother is Swedish citizen at the time of birth and the child is born in Sweden. If the child is born abroad, the child will become Swedish citizen if the father is Swedish citizen and married to the child’s mother. More information can be found on the Swedish Migration Agency’s website.

Children with Swedish citizenship but who do not have Swedish passports will need to support their family tie through birth certificate or other forms of documentation.

If the child of a Swedish citizen is not a citizen, the child will most likely be allowed to enter Sweden if accompanying a Swedish citizen, on the condition that the family relation can be verified and all other entry conditions are met (e.g. travel document, visa etc.).

Please note that this is valid for entering Sweden. The country you leave or transit via, or the airline, might have other requirements. Please check directly with the party in question.

Will Swedish citizens be allowed to return home via a transit country that is currently closed for non-citizens?

This question needs to be addressed to the authorities in the transit country or to the Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs.

Will the entry ban affect travels inside the EEA*?

The new ordinance only applies to entry to Sweden from non-EEA* countries. Travels from an EEA* country to Sweden, is therefore not affected by the entry ban regardless of the traveler’s citizenship. For entry to another EEA* country from Sweden, the question needs to be posed to the authorities in the country in question.

I am in France and I am a French citizen, can I travel to Sweden for vacation?

Yes, travels to Sweden from another EEA* country is not affected by the entry ban.

I am a citizen of the UK and I am going to travel from the USA to Sweden. Will I be allowed to enter?

Yes, as an EEA* citizen you have the right to travel to your home country through Sweden.

As part of the Brexit agreement, citizens of the UK are still considered EU citizens until 31 December 2020.

Will non-EEA* citizens be allowed to enter Sweden from another EEA* country, e.g. Denmark or Norway?

Entry from an EEA* country is not affected by the entry ban, so non-EEA citizens who are currently inside the EEA* will be allowed to enter Sweden. 

Can non-EEA* citizens transit through a Swedish airport if travelling from another EEA* country?

Entry from an EEA* country is not affected by the entry ban, so non- EEA* citizens who are already inside EEA* are allowed to travel home via Sweden.

Will medical doctors and other healthcare professionals who reside in another country but are employed by a Swedish care facility need some kind of documentation, exemption etcetera in order to cross the border and travel between their home and place of work?

The new travel ban only applies to travels to Sweden from countries other than EEA*. Healthcare professionals residing in another EEA* country who only travel between their home in another EEA* country and their place of work in Sweden are not affected by the travel ban. However, you need to check the return regulations, with your home country.

Medical doctors and healthcare professionals who are not from an EEA* country and who are not exempted based on the fact that they have a residence permit in Sweden, will be assessed for potential exemption based on their individual circumstances. As a general rule, some kind of written documentation will be required proofing that the purpose is to work within the health care sector, such as a work contract. They are also required to show that they are exempted from the requirement to have a work permit based on chapter 5, section 2 in the Alien’s Ordinance Act.

Please note that the exemption does not apply to family members of healthcare professionals.

I hold a residence permit and already live in Sweden, but I am currently abroad. Will I be allowed to enter Sweden?

Yes, a foreigner holding a residence permit is exempted from the entry ban.

I hold a so called EU blue card, am I exempted from the entry ban?

Yes, EU blue card is a work permit for highly qualified third country nationals working in the EU, and is covered by the exemption.  

I have recently been granted Swedish residence permit for work or studies and would like to move to Sweden. Am I exempt from the entry ban?

If you recently have been granted a residence permit in Sweden you are exempted from the entry ban and you are allowed to enter Sweden from the date your permit is valid. In order to enter Sweden before the validity date of your residence permit, you need to hold a valid visa or come from a visa exempt country, in addition to documenting that you are covered by another exemption, e.g. family connection. Otherwise you will be allowed to enter Sweden from the date your residence permit becomes valid. You do not have to have lived in Sweden before.

I am a citizen of a country which does not require a visa to enter Sweden, and I have recently been granted a residence permit. Will I be allowed to enter Sweden if I can show the decision letter from the Swedish Migration Agency at the border control, or do I also need to have a residence permit card (UT-kort)?

Just like previously, you can travel to Sweden and apply for the residence permit card once you get here. You might need to show the decision letter from the Swedish Migration Agency at the border control, a copy will be sufficient.

Based on my citizenship, I requires a visa to enter Sweden. I have now been granted a residence permit, but due to the pandemic it is difficult/impossible to get to a Swedish foreign mission and apply for a residence permit card before I come to Sweden. Will the decision letter from the Swedish Migration Agency be sufficient, or do I also need to have a residence permit card (UT-kort)?

Just like under normal cirumstances, you are required to hold a visa to enter Sweden if you do not have a valid residence permit card. You will not be allowed to enter Sweden if you do not hold a residence permit card or a visa, and you also risk being denied entry by the airline since they face a penalty fee if they carry a passenger to Sweden which is denied entry upon arrival. Please contact a Swedish foreign mission or the Ministry of Foreign Affairs with questions regarding issuing residence permit cards or visas. Swedish Police can not take into consideration the possible difficulties in gaining such documents.

I have been granted a residence permit in Sweden and will travel to Sweden soon. I am a citizen of a country that does not need a visa for entering Sweden. Can I, since I have been granted a residence permit, enter Sweden earlier than the date when the residence permit’s validity, since I am from a visa exempt country?

No, you cannot enter Sweden before the validity date of your residence permit unless you need to document that you are covered by another exemption, e.g. family connection.

I have lived in Sweden but I left to visit relatives in my home country. My residence permit has expired and I have applied for a new permit. Can I enter Sweden?

No, a valid residence permit is required to be exempted from the entry ban.

I have applied for a residence permit based on family connections to move to my husband/wife/boyfriend/girlfriend/fiancée in Sweden, but I have not yet received a decision from the Swedish Migration Agency and I want to visit my husband/wife/boyfriend/girlfriend/fiancée in Sweden. Am I exempted from the entry ban?

If you can prove that you have a serious relationship and your husband/wife/boyfriend/girlfriend/fiancée is a Swedish citizen, an EEA* citizen or a person holding a residence permit or class D visa in Sweden or the EEA* and you are planning to move to Sweden, you are exempted from the entry ban. Please note that this only applies to shorter visits. If your purpose for visiting Sweden is to move here you need to wait until you have been granted residence permit. If you are a citizen of a country that requires a visa to visit Sweden you will need to hold a valid visa to visit Sweden. If you are citizen of a visa waiver country you need to inform the Swedish Migration Agency that you are in Sweden while your application is being processed. Read more about how to document your family connection in the section on documentation below.

Which kind of family connection do I need to verify in order to be exempt from the entry ban?

Foreigners can be exempted from the entry ban if they have a close family connection to one of the following categories:

  • Swedish citizens
  • EEA* citizens
  • foreigners holding a residence permit in Sweden or in another EEA* country
  • foreigners that have long-term resident status in Sweden or another EU Member State
  • foreigners with a national (class D) visa for Sweden or another EEA* state.

Close family connection includes e.g. spouse, common law partner, partner or children.

It is the traveler’s responsibility to verify that they have such family connection that qualifies them for an exemption from the entry ban. This can be done e.g. with the decision letter from the Swedish Migration Agency, excerpt from the population register, marriage certificate or license, cohabitation agreement, bank statement from a common bank account, birth certificate etcetera. The documents should preferably be written in or translated to a Scandinavian language or English.

What is considered a close family connection?

Close family connection primarily includes the nuclear family, e.g. spouse, common law partner, partner or children. Siblings or cousins are not included.

Family relations can e.g. be:

  • Spouse
  • Registered partner
  • Common-law/cohabitation partner
  • Children under the age of 21, including adoptive children or children about to be adopted, in addition to children residing in Sweden to whom a foreigner is to have social contact with
  • Foreigners whose intention is to enter into marriage or a common-law/cohabitation partnership with, if they can document previous physical contact (e.g. with photographs) and that the relationship is serious
  • Siblings or cousins are not included, except in very special circumstances where it can be documented that they are relying on the person to whom they wish to reunite, for their financial support.

Only in very specific cases will the exemption apply to parents of adult children over 21, or grandparents, even here it is required to document that they are relying on the person to whom they wish to reunite, for their financial support. Please refer to the Aliens’ Act (2005:716) 3a ch. 2 § for a description of included family connections, but for the temporary entry ban more categories of attached persons have been added:   

In this Act ‘a family member means a foreigner who accompanies to Sweden or in Sweden joins an attached person who is a Swedish citizen, an EEA* citizen, a foreigner holding a residence permit in Sweden or another EEA* country, foreigners considered permanently residing in Sweden or in another EU country, or foreigners holding a national (class D) visa in Sweden or another EEA* country, and who is

  1. the spouse or cohabiting partner of the attached person
  2. a direct descendant of the attached person or of his or her spouse or cohabiting partner, if the descendant is dependent on either of them for means of support or is under 21 years of age
  3. a direct ascendant of the attached person or of his or her spouse or cohabiting partner, if the relative is dependent on either of them for means of support
  4. other family member, if the family member in his or her country of origin, is depending on the attached person for support, or if for serious medical reasons is absolutely necessary that the attached person is personally caring for the family member.

This means that in very rare cases, the exemption based on family connection, the following categories provided as an example, might be applied if they claimed relation can be documented:

Parents to adult children over 21 are exempted from the entry ban only if they can document that they are relying on the person to whom they wish to reunite, for their financial support.

Foreigners who have been part of the same household as the person to whom they wish to reunite, and there is a special relation of dependence which was in place already in the country of origin, such as unmarried children over the age of 21 if still living at home, or parents who in the country of origin have been under the care of an adult child. The foreigner holds the burden of proof to document a special relation of dependence, in addition to verifying cohabitation in a common household in the country of origin immediately before the person to whom they wish to reunite moved to Sweden.

Parents of unaccompanied minors who are refugees or in need of protection for humanitarian reasons

Under special circumstances, even someone who is adopted in Sweden as an adult, relatives to a foreigner who is a refugee or in need of protection for humanitarian reasons, as well as individuals who in other ways have a special connection to Sweden, will be considered close family covered by the exemption. This criteria is to be applied restrictively, and it has to be a difficult and odd situation.

I am in a relationship with a foreigner, will my partner be exempted from the entry ban based on family connection  and be allowed to enter Sweden?

If he or she can document the family connection. More information can be found in the section about documentation.

I am a Swedish citizen. My fiancée, who is from a non-EEA* country, holds a valid Schengen visa and we plan to get married in August. Will she be allowed to enter Sweden?

Yes, a foreigner who has the intention to enter into marriage or a common-law/cohabitation relation with a Swedish citizen, an EEA* citizen, a person residing in or holds a residence permit for residing in Sweden, or holds a class D visa in Sweden or an EEA* country, is exempted if they can document that the relationship is serious and no special circumstances indicates that permission should not be given.

It is the traveler’s responsibility to verify his or her family connection to a Swedish citizen or EEA* citizen. This means that you need to document that you have previously met, which can be done with photographs or airline tickets from previous visits, or more official documentation. More information and examples of documents which may support family connection can be found in the question about documents below.

I am a Swedish citizen but married to a foreign citizen, and we live abroad. Our children are dual citizens. Will it be possible for the entire family go to Sweden for vacation?

As Swedish citizens you and your children have an unconditional right to enter Sweden. A passport is the easiest way to prove your citizenship, even if it has expired. Otherwise you should provide other forms of documentation to prove your citizenship, e.g. a national ID-card, excerpt from the population register, birth certificate etc.

Your foreign partner is exempted from the entry ban if he or she can document close family connections to a Swedish citizen, an EEA* citizen or a person holding a residence permit or class D visa in Sweden or the EEA*.

Family connection can be e.g. spouse, common law partner, partner or children. For such cases it is not required for the person who is travelling to Sweden, to already live here at the time of entry. Nor is it required for the Swedish citizen whom you claim family connection to, to live in Sweden since a Swedish citizen has an unconditional right to return to Sweden. It is the traveler’s responsibility to verify that they have family connection to a person who is a Swedish citizen. Read more about how to do this, in the section about documentation.

This can be done e.g. with the decision letter from the Swedish Migration Agency, excerpt from the Population Register, marriage certificate, birth certificate (incl. for common children), rental agreement or purchasing contract/ownership certification for a common residence, bank statement for common accounts etc. The documents should preferably be written in or translated to a Scandinavian language or English.

I am an EES* citizen living in Sweden. Can my spouse who is a foreign citizen enter or move to Sweden?

Individuals with close family connection to EEA* citizens may be exempted from the entry ban if they can document the family connection. Family connection can be e.g. spouse, common law partner, partner or children. For such cases it is not required for the person who is travelling to Sweden, to already live here at the time of entry. It is the traveler’s responsibility to verify that they have family connection to a person who is an EEA* citizen. This can be done e.g. with the application to or decision from the Swedish Migration Agency, excerpt from the Population Register, marriage certificate, birth certificate (incl. for common children), rental agreement or purchasing contract/ownership certification for a common residence, bank statement for common accounts etc. The documents should preferably be written in or translated to a Scandinavian language or English.

I am a Swedish citizen who lives in the USA. I am dating an American citizen. We’d like to move to Sweden now. Can my American partner join me?

If your partner can verify his or her family connection to you as a Swedish citizen, he or she is exempted from the entry ban. Read more about how to do this, in the section about documentation. In order to move here, though, the foreigner needs to hold a residence permit from the Swedish Migration Agency.

Can my boyfriend from the USA enter Sweden? We have right now no intention of living together or getting married.

Boyfriends and girlfriends are not exempted from the entry ban unless they travel to Sweden with the future purpose of living together or getting married, and in such way get family connection to a Swedish citizen.

My girlfriend is from Thailand, we are not married and we have not lived together before. Can she move to Sweden?

Residents of Thailand are among those countries that are exempted from the entry ban and are allowed to enter Sweden. Your girlfriend can enter Sweden if she has a valid travel document and visa. However, in order to take up residence in Sweden she will need a residence permit.

My girlfriend is from Russia, we are not married and we have not lived together previously. Can she come visit me?

Maybe. Russia is not one of the exempted countries, but the exemption based on close family connections might be applied to her if she can document that she is entering for the future purpose of entering into marriage or a common-law/cohabitation relation with a Swedish citizen, an EEA* citizen, a person holding a residence permit in Sweden or the EEA*, or a person holding a class-D visa in Sweden or an EEA* country, or that she can document that she has been part of the same household as the person to whom she claims family connection, and that a special relationship of dependence is already in place.

It is the traveler’s responsibility to document family connection, which includes verifying previous physical meeting. More information can be found in the section about documentation.

I have a child who resides in Sweden, can I enter Sweden to spend time with my child?

Yes, if you can document that the child is yours, e.g. with a birth certificate, paternal certificate, adoption papers or similar documents.

Which documents can verify family ties to a Swedish citizen, EEA* citizen or foreigner already residing in Sweden?

Documentation to support family connection can be e.g. marriage certificate or license, birth certificate, adoption papers, paternity certificate, excerpt from the population register, birth certificate or adoption papers to common children, cohabitation agreement, rental contract to a common residence, copy of application to or decision letter from the Swedish Migration Agency for residence permit based on family ties, statement from a common bank account, mail addressed to a common residence, photographs, airlines tickets documenting previous visits or common travel etc. The documents should preferably be written in or translated to a Scandinavian language or English.

I am married to a Danish citizen and I live in Denmark. Can I fly into a Swedish airport continue by train from the airport home to Denmark?  

Family members of EEA* citizens have the right to enter and travel through Sweden. You need to be able verify that you have the kind of family connection which entitles you to enter, in general this means spouse, common-law partner, partner or children. Questions regarding entering Denmark must be posed to Danish authorities.

It is the foreigner’s responsibility to verify both the right to enter Sweden, as well as his or her family connection to an EEA* citizen. This can e.g. be done with an application to or decision letter from the country’s migration agency, excerpt from the population register, marriage license, birth certificate (incl. to common children), rental agreement or ownership certificate of a common residence, statement from a common bank account or other kinds of documents verifying the family connection. To ease the transit via Sweden, the documents should preferably be written in or translated to a Scandinavian language or English.

I am a citizen of a non-EEA* country which does not require a visa to visit, can I go to Sweden for vacation?

No. If you do not already live in Sweden or you are covered by the exception based on imperative family reasons or special needs, you will be denied entry to Sweden. However, exceptions may be made if you reside in one of the listed exempted countries, or is considered having close family connection to a Swedish citizen, an EEA* citizen, or a foreigner holding a residence permit or a class-D visa in Sweden or an EEA* country, since this category can be allowed to enter Sweden if they can document the family connection.

More information about these exceptions can be found in the answers in question.

I am a citizen of a non-EEA* visa waiver country and I own a property in Sweden. Can I go to Sweden for Christmas?

No, if you do not already live in Sweden or you are covered an exception based on imperative family reasons or special needs, you will be denied entry to Sweden. However, exceptions may be made if you reside in one of the listed exempted countries, or is considered having close family connection to a Swedish citizen, an EEA* citizen, or a foreigner holding a residence permit or a class-D visa in Sweden or an EEA* country, since this category can be allowed to enter Sweden if they can document the family.

More information about these exceptions can be found in the answers in question.

Currently the entry ban is in effect until December 22nd 2020, but it might be prolonged. The Swedish Police can not guarantee that it will be possible to enter Sweden at a specific future date, since the situation is changing and rules will be adjusted accordingly.

Will people who live abroad be allowed to visit friends or relatives in Sweden?

Maybe. It depends on the country that they are travelling from and if they have close relatives in Sweden or EEA*. Entry from other EEA* countries is not affected by the entry ban. The general rule is that people travelling to Sweden from a country that is not an EEA* country will be denied entry. Exemptions may be made for imperative family reasons or special needs, but this assessment will be made at the border control point. Entry to visit friends or family will most likely be denied entry at the border control point. However, exceptions may be made if you reside in one of the listed exempted countries, or is considered having close family connection to a Swedish citizen, an EEA* citizen, or a foreigner holding a residence permit or a class-D visa in Sweden or an EEA* country, since this category can be allowed to enter Sweden if they can document the family.

More information about these exceptions can be found in the answers in question.

Swedish citizens residing abroad are not affected by this decision since Swedish citizens cannot be denied entry to Sweden.

I hold a class-C visa, can I go to Sweden for vacation?

As a general rule you are not allowed to enter Sweden if you are only coming for vacation, if you are not residing in one of the listed exemption countries. If you, however, is considered having close family connection to a Swedish citizen, an EEA* citizen, or a foreigner holding a residence permit or a class-D visa in Sweden or an EEA* country, you may be exempted from the entry ban. A class C visa is a visitor’s visa valid for the entire Schengen area, and is not exempted from the entry ban. However, a foreigner covered by another exempted, e.g. a spouse from a third country who is exempted from the entry ban based on family ties, might need to hold a visa, e.g. class C, to be granted entry. 

For definition of close family connection, read more in the section Family connection.

Why are holders of class D visas exempted from the entry ban but not class C visas?

A class D visa is issued for extraordinary circumstances, and is a Swedish visa. But class D visas issued by other EEA* countries will also exempt the holder from the Swedish entry ban. A class D visa is only granted for longer stays (3 months or more) and requires extraordinary circumstances which means the holder spends more than 90 days in the country during a period of 180 days.  Extraordinary circumstances can be coming to Sweden often for meetings.  Or foreign citizens residing abroad who are parents of children living in Sweden.  A class D visa is exempted from the entry ban since they are only issued to someone who needs to stay for longer periods in Sweden.

Which categories are exempted from the entry ban?

The following categories of foreigners are allowed to enter Sweden regardless of whether or not they live here:

  • EEA citizens or citizens in UK, Switzerland, Andorra, Monaco, San Marino or the Vatican
  • hold long-term resident status in Sweden or another EU country
  • hold a residence permit in Sweden or another EEA* country
  • hold a national visa for Sweden or a national visa valid longer than three months in another EEA* country
  • individuals with close family connection to Swedish citizens, EEA* citizen, a foreign citizens holding a residence permit or a class-D visa in Sweden or an EEA* country
  • reside in one of the listed exempted countries

Family connection can be e.g. spouse, common law partner, partner or children. More information can be found in the section about family connection. In such cases it is not required for the person who is travelling to Sweden, to already live here at the time of entry if the person to whom they claim family connection, is considered permanently residing in Sweden, is a Swedish citizen, an EEA* citizen, holds a residence permit or a national class D visa in Sweden or an EEA* country.

Nor does the travel ban apply to individuals who have particularly urgent needs or who are to carry out essential functions in Sweden, meaning functions where disturbance or cancellation of operation can affect society in a negative manner. Food supply or food production are examples of such functions. It might even be a function necessary to handle a potential or ongoing crisis.

Such as:

  • Healthcare professionals, researchers in the area of health and medical care, and staff working with the care of the elderly, which includes licenced professionals within the healthcare field, staff supposed to work in hospitals and other medical institutions supporting in the care of patients, staff who support licensed professionals in the care of patients, pharmacists producing or supplying medicine or gives advice or information, staff providing information at the poison hotline, emergency hotline operational staff, or other categories of professionals within healthcare, or who are providing services inside an area of healthcare during a temporary visit in Sweden without holding a Swedish license.
  • Frontier workers who are commuting across a border, working in one EEA* country but living in another and returning on a daily or weekly basis.
  • Personnel transporting goods and others working in the transport sector, e.g. pilots, and commercial truck drives whose vehicle and cargo is already in Sweden.
  • Seamen in both commercial cargo ships or passenger or cruise lines. For this category the laws and regulations will return to what was in force before the temporary entry ban, in terms of disembarking in the city closest to the harbor.
  • Diplomats and consular staff stationed in or on official duty visits in Sweden, and their families and staff.
  • Seasonal workers in the agricultural, forestry and horticulture sectors couriers of foreign states.
  • Military personnel, meaning staff belonging to the armed forces of a state recognized by Sweden.
  • Civil defense staff.
  • People working in international organizations or who are invited by such organizations, and whose presence is necessary for the organizations’ operations. The exemption includes individuals performing aid in a humanitarian relief operation (e.g. distributing food, medicine, clothes and other supplies to civilians). The kind of work done in both governmental and non-governmental relief agencies, e.g. UNHCR, The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) och World Food Programme.
  • Passengers in transit. Swedish Police interprets this to include passengers who change planes without passing through passport- or customs control.
  • Individuals in need of international protection or for other humanitarian reasons. The ordinance does not affect the right to asylum. This category is to be handled within the existing laws and regulations.
  • Seasonal workers within agriculture, forestry or horticulture have been assessed as an essential function and can be exempted if they can document the purpose of entering and have a valid work permit. Support staff performing other kinds of work related to this industry, is not exempted.
  • Students or students to be, holding a residence permit for studies, or those who are to study in Sweden less than three months and as a result do not need a residence permit.
  • Highly skilled workers, whose job cannot be postponed or be performed remotely. In order to work in Sweden you need to hold a work permit To work in Sweden more than three months requires a residence permit. This exemption also includes workers who in 5 ch. 2§ in the Aliens’ Ordinance are exempt from the requirement to hold a work permit, e.g. researchers or teachers in higher education called here for research, teaching or lecturing purposes. In order for this to apply, the employer needs to verify this in a written statement explaining why the work cannot be postponed or done remotely.
  • Participants or necessary support staff in international professional athletic events.

The assessment of whether a foreigner falls into any of the exempted categories is always made at the border control point. No pre-approvals or certifications will be provided.

How are especially urgent needs defined?

Especially urgent needs might include imperative family reasons (see below), but can also include situations where your presence in Sweden is crucial. Some examples might be scheduled, necessary medical treatment or rehabilitation, organ or tissue donation to a patient currently in Sweden, or other situations where your presence is very urgent and can not be postponed. Please note that the examples above are not all inclusive, and it is the foreigner’s responsibility to verify their special need.

How are imperative family reasons defined?

The Swedish Police Authority interprets this as an urgent situation, sudden illness or accident in the family which requires the foreigner’s presence in Sweden. This could, for example, involve being present for a birth, a funeral, or palliative care. Weddings and other celebrations are not included. 

The family circles included are to be fairly inclusive. The foreigner who is to assist the person who is sick or who had an accident, can under certain circumstances be considered family even if it is a more remote relationship or a more modern family unit than the traditional nuclear family. If a person currently abroad is in need of aid from relatives in Sweden, does not qualify the foreigner in question for the exemption for imperative family reasons, unless he or she is exempted due to close family connection. More information about this can be found in the section about family connection.

It is the foreigner’s responsibility to verify that he or she is covered by an exemption, and the assessment of whether or not the exemption criteria have been met is always made at the border control point.

The Swedish Police Authority assesses that this even includes family members of Swedish citizens working for a Swedish company, a Swedish government agency or an international organization abroad, if the employer is taking the employee and/or his or her family members home.  

The assessment of whether a foreigner falls into any of the exempted categories is always made at the border control point. No pre-approvals or certifications will be provided.

Even being called to property division, inheritance negotiations, or being called to court negotiations in a public court or family court.

The UN convention on the Rights of the Child is as of this year implemented in Swedish law. As a result, Swedish Police is required to take this into consideration when applying the temporary entry ban. As a result, individual cases might have a lower threshold of what is considered imperative family reasons if the decision concerns a child or the decision can have the consequence that a child is separated by his or her parents.

Which kind of documentation is needed to verify that I am covered by an exception?

To be covered by an exemption you need to verify that you have special reasons to enter Sweden, meaning you need to document the reason for travelling.

This can be done e.g. by providing:

  • a work contract stating that you are going to work in an essential function or the medical field,
  • an invitation to participate in or work in a professional athletic competition, a certificate from your athletic association or sports club verifying that you belong to a professional sports team or hold a key function,
  • with a doctor’s note, a funeral invitation, death certificate, maternity certificate or similar kinds of documentation to verify acute illness, accident, birth, funeral or palliative care.

Even certificates to verify family ties may be required, e.g. birth certificate, adoption papers, marriage certificate etc. Please note that these are merely examples. The Swedish Police can not in advance answer by e-mail or telephone which kind of documentation is sufficient to be exempted, nor say that a certain certificate will grant you exemption. The documents should preferably be written in or translated to a Scandinavian language or English.

I have recently given birth and I need help. Can my parents/siblings from my homeland come to Sweden and help me?

No, the exemption for imperative family reasons allows a foreigner to enter Sweden to be present during birth, not for post-birth visits, unless another exemption such as family ties apply.

Will commercial drivers be allowed to enter Sweden from another EU country or from a non-EU country?

Commercial drivers entering Sweden across an internal border, meaning from another EEA* country  are not affected by the entry ban and will be allowed to enter.

Commercial drivers entering Sweden from a non-EEA* country will be affected by the entry ban, but might be exempted based on the merit of transporting merchandise.

Which countries are exempted from the entry ban?

Based on citizenship, Swedish citizens and EEA* citizens are exempted.

Based on residence, individuals residing in the countries mentioned below are exempt from the entry ban.

Foreigners residing in the following countries are exempted from the entry ban:

Australia, Japan, New Zealand, Rwanda, Singapore, South Korea, Thailand and Uruguay.

These countries are assessed to be low-risk in terms of contagion. Exemptions will be based on residence in one of the countries, not citizenship. This means that foreigners who can document that they reside in any of these countries, will be allowed to enter Sweden if they do fulfill the entry requirements given in the Schengen Border Code and the Visa Code.

Previously Serbia, Montenegro, Algeria, Morocco, Georgia, Canada and Tunisia were on the list, but these countries have been removed since they are no longer assessed to fulfill the exemption criterias. 

How do I document that I reside in one of the exempted countries?

In order to be exempted you need to document in one way or another that you reside in the country, e.g. with a driver’s license or ID-card, or a residence permit if you are not a citizen of the country in question. You might need to bring a plane ticket verifying that you have traveled from the country in question.

Why are these countries exempted?

The expansion of the exemptions are in accordance with EU’s recommendation to gradually remove the entry restrictions. The selection of included countries which are considered to fulfill the criterias of exemption, is evaluated on a regular basis and the list will be updated every other week. Questions regarding the selection or evaluation should be posed to EU and the Swedish government.

Are Swedish citizens allowed to return home via a transit country which is currently closed to non-citizens?

This question needs to be posed to the authorities in the transit country, or to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Can I travel from Sweden to Norway, and do I need to be quarantined if I do?

Swedish Police can only answer questions regarding travelling to Sweden. Questions about the entry regulations for other countries must be posed to the authorities in the transit country, or to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Which entry regulations apply if you need to enter a non-EEA* country when exiting Sweden?

When you travel from Sweden to another country, it is always the entry regulations of the country that you enter that apply. For information about the entry rules of another country, please contact the authorities of the country in question. Please note that the control done by the airline before departure is not considered border control. Border control is (typically) done upon arrival.

Will people still be expelled to other countries despite the closed borders?

Whether or not an expulsion is to be executed depends on the country in question. If the country in question accepts returnees and there are flights, the Swedish Police Authority will continue processing expulsion cases. Neither the legal basis on which residence permits are granted, nor the assignment of the Swedish Police Authority, have changed. In reality, however, it will not be possible to execute any large-scale expulsions due to the lack of flights and imposed entry bans in several countries. For that reason, the Swedish Police cooperates with the Swedish Prison and Probation Service to find alternative options, such as expulsions by chartered flights.

The Swedish Police Authority published a news alert about expulsions on polisen.se (in Swedish) : Polisen genomför verkställigheter trots stängda gränser.