The police is required to control all persons crossing over an external border, meaning to and from countries who are not part of the Schengen area. Border controls at external border are mandatory.
In November 2015 the Swedish government decided to reintroduce border controls at the internal border, meaning border to another Schengen country, at select border crossings. Persons entering Sweden may need to show proof of the right to enter and stay in the country, e.g. by providing a passport or national ID-card. Persons travelling to or from Sweden across an internal border are therefore advised to bring a passport or national ID-card.
The regulations surrounding external and internal border control, is stipulated in the Schengen Borders Code, regulation (EU) 2016/399.
The police will check that you are in possession of valid travel documents.
Please note that the UK became a so called third country after Brexit, when the UK left EU. From 1 January 2021 UK citizens and their family members are no longer EU citizens or family members of EU citizens. As a result they need to meet the entry and exit requirements according to the Schengen Borders Code.
More informatation about Brexit:
Change in border control when the UK leaves EU
Valid travel documents for Swedish citizens
- National ID card
- Valid driving licence issued in a Nordic country may suffice for travels inside the Nordic countries. Please note that it is the traveller’s responsibility to confirm his or her citizenship.
Valid travel documents for other citizens
- For citizens of a Nordic country, a valid driving licence or national ID card issued in a Nordic country may suffice for travels inside the Nordics. Please note that it is the traveller’s responsibility to confirm his or her citizenship.
- Citizens of other EU/EEA countries need a valid passport or national ID card.
- Individuals holding a Schengen residence permit, needs a valid permit, in addition to a valid passport.
- Citizens of other countries need to hold a valid passport. The passport can not be older than 10 years and needs to be valid at least 3 months after the planned return journey. A visa might be required. Please check the websites of Regeringskansliet (Government Offices of Sweden) or Migrationsverket (the Swedish Migration Agency) for information on entry requirements for citizens from different countries.
- UK citizens holding residence status, are allowed to enter Sweden using a national ID card or passport issued by the UK. The same applies to UK citizens who can document that they have applied for residence status. Family members of UK citizens, however, are required to hold a valid passport unless they are EU citizens.
A national ID card is a special identification document issued by the responsible authority in each EU Member State. In Sweden, passports and national ID cards are issued by the Police Authority. Please note that identity cards issued by Skatteverket (the Swedish Tax Agency) or different kinds of bank cards, are not valid travel documents.