Border control

The police is required to control all persons crossing over an external border, meaning to and from countries who are not part of the Schengen area. Border controls at external border are mandatory.

Entry restrictions from China from 7 January 2023

The Swedish government decided to enforce temporary entry restrictions with mandatory negative covid test upon entry direct from China to Sweden. The restrictions will be enforced for foreign citizens age 12 or above, from January 7th till February 18th  2023. More information regarding this can be found at the Swedish government's and the Publich Health Agency's websites. Entry from other countries are not affected by this since the general entry ban ended last year. Ordinary entry requirements applies, like holding a valid travel document, and possibly a visa

Identity checks are enforced on passenger ships

From 28 March 2022, most passengers over 18 travelling with passenger ships to Sweden from another country will have to present a valid identification. This identity check will be done by the carrier and is not considered border control. If a border control is to be performed, this will be done by the Swedish Police or the Swedish Coast Guard upon entry to Sweden. Questions regarding identity checks or which identity documents are accepted for boarding, need to be posed to the carrier. Or to the Swedish Transport Agency which is responsible for checking the carriers' lists. This will be in effect until 30 June 2023. 

Entry from Ukraine

As a Ukrainian citizens you can enter Sweden without a visa for max 90 days if you hold a biometric passport. A visa is normally required for entry without a biometric passport. It is, however, not required to hold a valid travel document if you apply for asylum at the border. You will then be allowed to enter, and your case will be referred to the Swedish Migration Agency, who is responsible for further processing. Swedish Police is responsible for the border control when entering Sweden and can not answer questions regarding asylum.  

In general there is no border control when entering Sweden from or via another EU/EEA country, like Poland or Denmark. You should, however, be able to document your identity and your citizenship even when entering from another EU/EEA country, even if this is not required in order to apply for asylum. 

Residence permit according to EU's temporary protection directive

The EU has decided to activate the temporary protection directive. This means that if you are a Ukrainian citizen you can get a temporary residence permit. You can also get a temporary residence permit if you are a third country citizen or stateless, if you have been granted international protection in Ukraine. To be covered by this, you need to have left Ukraine after  24 February 2022. Some limitations apply.

Through a change of regulations which came into effect 26 April 2022, even you who entered and stayed in Sweden in the period 30 October 2021 - 23 February 2022 can receive temporary protection in Sweden. Like if you, as a Ukrainian citizen or resident of Ukraine, entered as a visitor and then remained in Sweden when the situation in Ukraine became more unsafe.

To apply, you need to register and present a biometric passport or other Ukrainian identification documents, and leave fingerprints and have your photo taken at the Swedish Migration Agency. They will also answer questions regarding this process. 

In November 2015 the Swedish government decided to reintroduce border controls at the internal border, meaning border to another Schengen country, at select border crossings. Persons entering Sweden may need to show proof of the right to enter and stay in the country, e.g. by providing a passport or national ID-card. Persons travelling to or from Sweden across an internal border are therefore advised to bring a passport or national ID-card.

The regulations surrounding external and internal border control, is stipulated in the Schengen Borders Code, regulation (EU) 2016/399.

The police will check that you are in possession of valid travel documents.

Please note that the UK became a so called third country after Brexit, when the UK left EU. From 1 January 2021 UK citizens and their family members are no longer EU citizens or family members of EU citizens. As a result they need to meet the entry and exit requirements according to the Schengen Borders Code.

Valid travel documents for Swedish citizens

  • Passport
  • National ID card
  • Valid driving licence issued in a Nordic country may suffice for Nordic citizens traveling inside the Nordic countries. Please note that it is the traveller’s responsibility to confirm his or her citizenship.

Valid travel documents for other citizens

  • For citizens of a Nordic country, a valid driving licence or national ID card issued in a Nordic country may suffice for travels inside the Nordics. Please note that it is the traveller’s responsibility to confirm his or her citizenship.
  • Citizens of other EU/EEA countries need a valid passport or national ID card. 
  • Individuals holding a Schengen residence permit, needs a valid permit, in addition to a valid passport.
  • Citizens of other countries need to hold a valid passport. The passport can not be older than 10 years and needs to be valid at least 3 months after the planned return journey. A visa might be required. Please check the websites of Regeringskansliet (Government Offices of Sweden) or Migrationsverket (the Swedish Migration Agency) for information on entry requirements for citizens from different countries.
  • UK citizens holding residence status, are allowed to enter Sweden using a national ID card or passport issued by the UK. The same applies to UK citizens who can document that they have applied for residence status. Family members of UK citizens, however, are required to hold a valid passport unless they are EU citizens.

A national ID card is a special identification document issued by the responsible authority in each EU Member State. In Sweden, passports and national ID cards are issued by the Police Authority. Please note that identity cards issued by Skatteverket (the Swedish Tax Agency) or different kinds of bank cards, are not valid travel documents.

How to apply for passport